Papua New Guinea is one of the Earth's mega diverse regions in Oceania that occupations the eastern half of the island of New Guinea. The country has an extremely diverse geographic location. Travelers should exercise a high degree of caution because of the level of serious crime.
Papua New Guinea claims a visa and a six month valid passport to enter the country. It is recommended that tourists must obtain a visa prior to departure. Make sure to carry an onward and return ticket and proof of sufficient funds while entering the country. Visitors can also obtain their visa on arrival at the Jackson International Airport in Port Moresby. Be careful and prepared enough for an extended stay at the airports, as frequent delays are common in domestic and international flight schedules.
A tense situation, with the very poor law and order remains in the mountainous areas around the Bougainville Island and in the cities of Lae and Port Morseby. Central Bougainville around the old Panguna mine is a 'No Go Zone' and the tourists are strongly recommended not to enter this area. Traveling alone in these areas increases the likelihood of crime attacks and sexual harassment. Travelers are advised to be vigilant, particularly while arriving in the late evenings or early mornings. Try to dress up conservatively in public. Local transport in public buses is not recommended as the buses are unreliable due to poor maintenance and are a common target for criminals.
Papua Guinea gives great value to its local laws and customs. The country does not entertain dual nationality. Homosexual acts and adultery are illegal and punishment may include long-term imprimination.
Facts about the Island
Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Currency: Kina (PGK)
Languages: Most linguistically diverse place with more than 850 languages spoken. The official languages are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu
Exercise a high degree of caution during your travel to Papua Guinea
Hire a taxi from a reputed company for a safe local transport
Should follow conservative standards of dress behavior within the country
Always seek permission before taking photographs of individuals or cultural sites
Medical facilities in Papua Guinea are very limited. So obtain a complete travel insurance that will cover any medical emergencies, before you depart
Natural disasters are common due to bad weather and climatic conditions
Exercise caution while visiting isolated public areas like hiking trails, golf courses and beaches
Avoid carrying large amount of cash or openly displaying expensive jewelry and electronic equipment
Road conditions are extremely hazardous throughout the island. Extra care should be taken if driving at night
Entry into the country with vegetables, fruits and animal products are strictly prohibited.